名古屋市西区で中小企業の労務管理をサポートする女性社労士事務所

特定社会保険労務士・岩田労務管理事務所
Iwata Labor Management Office


          日本で起業する中小企業の外国人経営者の方、外国人労働者の方                 向けに、英語でのサービスも提供しています。            
         We are offering labor management services in                      English as well for entrepreneurs and employees                  of small and medium-sized enterprises. Please                      check the English page for details.  
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  特定社会保険労務士事務所です。
 

〒451-0051             名古屋市西区則武新町4-1-40         
受付時間:9:00~18:00(平日)   


4-1-40 Noritakeshimmachi          Nishi-ku, Nagoya-shi, Aichi-ken  451-0051  Japan                            Open : 9:00~18:00          
        

お気軽にお問合せください     

052-551-4865

Labor Laws and Regulations

Labor + Social Insurance                        Laws and Regulations

Here are the major labor and social insurance laws and regulations in Japan that will be relevant to your everyday HR job. 

 

Labor Standards Act (Roudou kijyun hou)

The Labor Standards Act is one of a representative labor laws that protects workers.  The Act sets minimum standards for working conditions. It applies not only to so-called full-time regular employees, but also to all employees including part-time workers and fixed-term workers.

Even if an agreement is made in a labor contract that falls below the standard set by the Labor Standards Act, such part of an agreement will be deemed naturally invalid by law, and will be replaced by the standard set by the Labor Standards Act. (Forced and straightforward effect). In addition, criminal penalties (fines, imprisonment) are stipulated to be imposed for a large part of acts violating the Labor Standards Act. 

Jurisdiction: Local Labor Standards Inspection Office 

Ordinance for Enforcement of the Labor Standards Act
(Roudou kijyun hou sekou kisoku)

The Ordinance for Enforcement of the Labor Standards Act stipulates the detailed contents of the Labor Standards Act to support the interpretation of the Labor Standards Act. In actual labor administration, the Ordinance for Enforcement of the Labor Standards Act is valued especially in the interpretation of the Labor Standards Act.

Jurisdiction: Local Labor Standards Inspection Office 

Labor Contracts Act(Roudou Keiyaku hou)

The Labor Contracts Act came into effect in March 2008 aiming to stabilize individual labor relations by clarifying the basic rules for labor contracts. The Act was introduced under the circumstances that individual labor disputes had been emerging as a result of diversification of employment patterns and upturn of information literacy. Whereas the Labor Standards Act sets standards for working conditions (minimum labor standards) that are guaranteed with penalties, the Labor Contract Act stipulates the basic principle of agreement on labor contracts  and other basic rules that clarifies civil rules regarding labor contracts.

Industrial Safety and Health Act (Anzen Eisei hou)

The purpose of the Industrial Safety and Health Act is to secure, in conjunction with the Labor Standards Actthe safety and health of workers in workplaces, as well as to facilitate the establishment of comfortable working environment, by promoting comprehensive and systematic countermeasures concerning the prevention of industrial accidents, such as taking measures for the establishment of standards for hazard prevention, clarifying the safety and health management responsibility and the promotion of    voluntary activities with a view to preventing industrial accidents.

Jurisdiction: Local Labor Standards Inspection Office 

Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act (Rousai Hoken hou)

Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act promotes employees' welfare by supporting affected employees and their bereaved families against work accidents and commuting accidents. Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance basically guarantees the employer's liability for work-based accident compensation based on the Labor Standards Act.

Jurisdiction: Local Labor Standards Inspection Office 

Employment Insurance Act (Koyou Hoken hou)

The purpose of the Employment Insurance is to stabilize the standard of living and employment of workers by providing necessary benefits for workers who are unemployed, who are having trouble continuing employment or who are receiving job-related trainingand to facilitate their job-seeking activities, as well as to prevent unemployment, redress the employment situation, increase employment opportunities, develop and improve the capacity of workers, and promote their welfare, so as to contribute to their employment security.

Jurisdiction: Public Employment Security Office (Hello-work)

Health Insurance Act (Kenkou Hoken hou)

The purpose of the Health Insurance Act is to provide insurance benefits for sickness, injury or death other than employment injuries (meaning employment injuries as provided for in Article 7, paragraph (1), item (i) of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act or childbirth of a worker or a dependent thereof, thereby contributing to the stability of lives and the improvement of welfare of the people.

Jurisdiction: Japan Pension Service Branch Office

Employees' Pension Insurance Act(Kousei Nenkin Hoken hou)

The purpose of the Employee's Pension Insurance Act is to provide insurance benefits for workers' old-age, disability, and death, so as to contribute to stabilizing the livelihoods and improving the welfare of workers and their surviving family.

Jurisdiction: Japan Pension Service Branch Office

Act on Childcare Leave, Caregiver Leave, and Other Measures for the Welfare of Workers Caring for Children or Other Family Members
(Ikuji Kaigo Kyuugyo hou)

The purpose of this Act is to promote the welfare of workers, etc. who engage in childcare or the caregiving of family members by contributing to the balance of the working and family lives of those workers, etc., through taking steps such as establishing a system for childcare leave, caregiver leave, leave for sick/injured childcare, and leave for caregivers; establishing measures employers must follow regarding scheduled working hours, etc. in order to facilitate childcare and nursing care of family members; establishing measures to support workers who engage in childcare and nursing care of family members; and promoting the continuation of the employment of, and re-employment of those workers, etc., thereby contributing to the development of the economy and society.

Jurisdiction: Prefectural Labor Bureau (child and family policy)

Act on Improvement of Personnel Management and Conversion of       Employment Status for Part-Time Workers and Fixed-Term Workers
(Part-time Yuki Koyou Roudou hou)

The purpose of this Act is to enable part-time/fixed term workers to effectively exercise their abilities in ways such as ensuring that their treatment is equalized with the treatment of workers with standard employment statuses, by taking measures and other actions such as ensuring proper working conditions for part-time/fixed term workers, improving personnel management for these workers, furthering their conversion into workers with standard employment statuses, and helping them develop and improve their vocational abilities; and thereby increasing their welfare as well as contributing to social and economic development; in view of the fact that changes in Japan's social and economic circumstances, including the advancing low birthrate and aging population and changes in employment structures, are increasing the importance of the role that part-time/fixed term workers play.

Jurisdiction: Prefectural Labor Bureau                                                                                         (employment environment and equal employment policy)

Understanding and Utilizing Labour Laws - Basic knowledge necessary for work

Downloadable Files

Download the files contributing to your daily labor management 

・Multi-Language Glossary serving to Labor Mangement by MHLW

Links

近代中小企業2017.10月号
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月刊ビジネスガイド 日本法令 2016.10月号 特集記事執筆

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